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膜结构车棚的结构形式有哪些?

来源:https://www.lantianpengmo.com/ 日期:2022-03-03 发布人:
膜结构车棚的结构形式有哪些?
What are the structural forms of membrane structure shed?
膜结构车棚自身具备较多优势,比如质量轻;防震、防冻性能好;无须应用内部支撑板等等,不仅减少了民居建筑构造在大跨距建设项目上所碰到的难点,能够转化成较大的无遮挡空间。但是很多人对于膜结构车棚还是不怎么了解,膜结构车棚的结构形式有很多种,具体有几种呢?下面小编简单的和大家分享一下,希望对大家有所帮助。
Membrane structure shed has many advantages, such as light weight; Good shockproof and antifreeze performance; Without the application of internal support plate, it not only reduces the difficulties encountered by the residential building structure in long-span construction projects, but also can be transformed into a large unobstructed space. But many people still don't know much about the membrane structure shed. There are many structural forms of membrane structure shed. How many are there? The following is a short series to share with you, hoping to help you.
从结构形式来看,膜结构车棚大致可分为三种类型:骨架型、张力型和充气膜结构。充气膜结构车棚是固定屋顶结构周围的膜材料。利用送风系统使室内气压上升到一定压力后,在屋顶内外产生压力差来抵抗外力。由于采用气压支撑,钢索作为辅助材料,无需任何梁、柱支撑,可以获得更大的空间。施工速度快,经济效益高。然而,需要保持24小时风机操作,并且连续操作和机器维护的成本很高。
From the structural form, the membrane structure shed can be roughly divided into three types: skeleton type, tension type and inflatable membrane structure. Inflatable membrane structure shed is the membrane material around the fixed roof structure. After the indoor air pressure rises to a certain pressure by using the air supply system, a pressure difference will be generated inside and outside the roof to resist external forces. Due to the use of air pressure support and steel cable as auxiliary material, there is no need for any beam and column support, which can obtain more space. The construction speed is fast and the economic benefit is high. However, it is necessary to maintain 24-hour fan operation, and the cost of continuous operation and machine maintenance is high.
在骨架膜结构车棚之后,屋顶骨架由钢结构或层压材料组成,膜材料在其上拉伸,并且下部支撑结构具有高稳定性。由于屋顶造型相对简单,开口不易受限制,经济效益高,这也是被广泛应用于任何大小空间的原因。张力式膜结构由膜材料、钢索和撑杆组成,通过钢索和撑杆向膜材料引入张力,达到稳定的形式。除了练习创意、创新、美观的造型,也是较能体现膜结构精神的结构形式。近年来,大跨度空间也采用由钢索和受压材料组成的钢索网形式支撑上部膜材料。
After the skeleton membrane structure shed, the roof skeleton is composed of steel structure or laminated material, on which the membrane material is stretched, and the lower support structure has high stability. Because the shape of the roof is relatively simple, the opening is not easy to be limited and the economic benefit is high, which is also the reason why it is widely used in any size space. Tension membrane structure is composed of membrane material, steel cable and strut. Tension is introduced into membrane material through steel cable and strut to achieve a stable form. In addition to practicing creative, innovative and beautiful modeling, it is also a structural form that can better reflect the spirit of membrane structure. In recent years, large-span space also adopts the form of steel cable net composed of steel cable and compression material to support the upper membrane material.
膜结构车棚自身具备哪些优势?
What are the advantages of membrane structure shed?
近这些年,膜结构在生活中的应用越来越多,为我们的城市增添了许多色彩,膜结构车棚本身质量轻,防冻、防震特性好,无须应用內部支撑板,减少了民居建筑构造在大跨距建设项目上所碰到的难点,能够转化成大的无遮挡空间,十分合理提升了空间具体套内建筑面积,因此车棚现阶段也较为普遍应用膜结构来修建。下列是由膜结构厂家为各位朋友介绍下膜结构车棚的实际特性和优点。
In recent years, membrane structure has been applied more and more in life, which has added many colors to our city. The membrane structure shed itself has light weight, good antifreeze and shockproof characteristics, and there is no need to apply internal support plate, which reduces the difficulties encountered by the residential building structure in long-span construction projects and can be transformed into a large unobstructed space, It is very reasonable to increase the specific building area of the space. Therefore, membrane structure is also widely used to build car sheds at this stage. The following is the actual characteristics and advantages of the lower membrane structure shed introduced by the membrane structure manufacturer to your friends.
膜结构车棚特点之一:稳固耐用,它本来就是借助膜自身的张拉剪切力与支撑架和拉索相互组成的机制,此构造非常合适用于修建地市代表性房屋建筑,如体育与趣味性场馆,口碑传播的购物中心、饭店、地市的根基的关重要房建,此时新式膜材用以此能够反映出更强的好处。在太阳的直射下,由膜遮盖的房屋建筑內部填满生态漫射光,无强差异的着亮面与陰影的区别,使房间内的空间坏境更为宽阔和睦,而在夜里,房屋建筑內部的环境光穿透屋盖的膜点亮星空,房屋建筑的造型显出如梦如幻的作用
One of the characteristics of membrane structure car shed: it is stable and durable. It is originally composed of the tension and shear force of the membrane itself and the supporting frame and cable. This structure is very suitable for the construction of representative housing buildings in cities, such as sports and interesting venues, shopping centers with word-of-mouth spread, hotels and the foundation of cities, At this time, the use of new membrane materials can reflect stronger benefits. Under the direct sunlight, the interior of the building covered by the membrane is filled with ecological diffuse light, which shows the difference between the bright side and the shadow without strong difference, making the space and bad environment in the room wider and harmonious. At night, the ambient light inside the building penetrates the membrane of the roof to light up the starry sky, and the shape of the building shows a dream like effect
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